What are the three types of trauma?

The three types of trauma are:

  • Acute trauma occurs due to a single incident in life, like an accident or being a victim of a natural disaster or accident.

  • Chronic trauma occurs as a result of repeated and extended exposure to highly stressful events. Examples include things like childhood abuse, bullying, domestic violence, and war. Chronic trauma can comprise of many instances of acute traumas happening back to back.

  • Complex trauma occurs due to exposure to multiple traumatic events often of an interpersonal or invasive nature. It includes all forms of abuse, adverse childhood experiences, neglect, war, community violence, cultural dislocation, and sex trafficking and exploitation.

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