According to Psychology Today, mindfulness stress reduction refers to a formal one and half-month program that teaches how to use mindfulness in daily life. The program was first created by Jon Kabat-Zinn in 1979 and is designed to support people with stress, depression, anxiety, chronic pain, hypertension, cancers, diabetes, stress, and skin and immune disorders. The program was initially created to help hospital patients but has since been used by millions of people suffering from various conditions worldwide. MBSR is typically composed of two main components; yoga and mindfulness meditation. It allows persons to practice mindfulness in the best way that suits them instead of following a script or acting out laid down scripts. It also focuses on the importance of individual effort and motivation in recovery.