Emotional coping skills are ways that help one to process or channel their feelings, often in a cathartic manner.
These strategies, positive or negative, could include exercise, artistic expression, "venting" to a trusted friend, family member, or therapist, or the outdated strategy of designating an object to be the focus of a child's anger or frustration: A pillow or punching bag, for example. A therapist might recommend dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) to further aid a client in developing healthy emotional skills.
Dialectical behavioral therapy is a common approach to treating suicidal ideation, self-harm, and other negative emotional coping skills while helping the individual build balanced, positive emotional coping strategies such as these:
Confidence-building hobbies or activities
Negative emotional coping strategies include:
Aggressive or destructive behavior
Some of these negative (maladaptive) coping strategies are also identified as problem-avoidance coping styles.