What are the types of anxiety disorders?

The primary types of anxiety are:

  1. separation anxiety disorder

  2. specific phobia

  3. social anxiety disorder (social phobia)

  4. panic disorder

  5. agoraphobia

  6. generalized anxiety disorder

Definitions of each type of anxiety are included below:

  1. Separation anxiety disorder refers to the excessive fear of being apart from a person. The symptoms of separation anxiety tend to first appear in childhood, typically when a child is separated from a parent.

  2. Specific phobia, previously known as simple phobia, specific phobia refers to an irrational fear caused by a specific object or person that, in reality, causes little to no actual threat.

  3. Social anxiety disorder (or social phobia) is an overwhelming fear of being judged by others, combined with feeling extremely uncomfortable in interacting in a social setting.

  4. Panic disorder is a type of anxiety defined by panic attacks or panic-like symptoms that negatively impact their life. Symptoms of a panic attack can include rapid breathing, chest discomfort, nausea, vomiting, sweating, overwhelming feelings of doom, and so on.

  5. Agoraphobia refers to the severe fear of being in specific situations for which escape would be difficult in the event of a panic attack.

  6. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is when a person worries excessively about a variety of topics such as grades in school, job performance, financial matters, current events, natural disasters such as an earthquake or hurricane, relationships with others, and so on.

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